Eid’l Fitr 2012

In recognition of Muslim contribution and integration into Filipino society, Congress has decided to enact a law celebrating Muslim holidays. The first law enacted under former Gloria Macagagal-Arroyo’s regime, was Republic Act No. 9177 with the following title:


“AN ACT DECLARING THE FIRST DAY OF SHAWWAL, THE TENTH MONTH OF THE ISLAMIC CALENDAR, A NATIONAL HOLIDAY FOR THE OBSERVANCE OF EIDUL FITR AND THE TENTH DAY OF ZHULD HIJJA. THE TWELFTH MONTH OF THE ISLAMIC CALENDAR, A REGIONAL HOLIDAY IN THE AUTOMNOMOUS REGION IN MUSLIM MINDANAO (ARMM) FOR THE OBSERVANCE OF EIDUL ADHA, AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE SECTION 26, CHAPTER 7 OF EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 292. OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE ADMINISTRATIVE CODE OF 1987, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.”


This Republic Act has been the basis for the issuance of Proclamation No. 455 series of 2012 by the Pnoy Administration declaring Monday, August 20, 2012 as a public non-working holiday. The date of the end of Ramadan is declared based on an National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF) announcement or advisory:


“ If the New Moon is sighted during the moon-sighting (Niyata) on July 19, 2012, as enjoined by the Holy Prophet Muhammad, the Fasting Month of Ramadhan will start the following day, July 20, 2012. If not sighted, it will be on July 21, 2011. Another moon-sighting activity will be conducted on the 29th day of Ramadhan to determine the end of Ramadhan Fasting and observance of Eid’l Fitr.”

Muslim celebrations were integrated into Republic Act No. 9492, popularly known as Holiday Economics, with the following title and section as quoted:
“AN ACT RATIONALIZING THE CELEBRATION OF NATIONAL HOLIDAYS AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE SECTION 26, CHAPTER 7, BOOK I OF EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 292, AS AMENDED, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE ADMINISTRATIVE CODE OF 1987
SECTION 1 . Section 26, Chapter 7, Book I of Executive Order No. 292, as amended, otherwise known as the Administrative Code of 1987, is hereby amended to read as follows:

Sec. 26, Regular Holidays and Nationwide Special Days. – (1) Unless otherwise modified by law, and or proclamation, the following regular holidays and special days shall be observed in the country:
1. Regular Holidays:
…Eidul Fitr – Movable date…”
As part of Holiday Economics by the former Arroyo Administration, holidays were added and/or moved near a weekend in order to give Filipinos more time to celebrate tourism-related activities such as celebrations of religious/non-religious festivals within their locality or in other places, with their next of kin, relatives and friends.
To all Muslims celebrating this holiday… Eid Mubarak*!

*NOTE: This phrase translates into English as “blessed festival”, and can be paraphrased as “may you enjoy a blessed festival” (Eid refers to the occasion itself, and Mubarak means “Blessed”)

Source:

A.    Wikipedia (URL Website):

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eid_Mubarak

B. Laws

1.     Republic Acts

a.     Republic Act No. 9177

        Official Gazette volume 99, number 4, page 496, January 27, 2003

b.    Republic Act No. 9492

        Official Gazette volume 103, number 43, page 6872, October 22, 2007

2.     Executive Orders

a.     Executive Order No. 292 series of 1987

        Official Gazette Supplement volume 83, number 31,, page 3528-138, August 3, 1987

b.     Proclamations

3.     Proclamation No. 455 series of 2012 (URL Website)

http://www.gov.ph/2012/08/3/proclamation-no-455-s-2012

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Filed under Eid'l Fitr, Holiday Economics, Holidays

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